Symbolic Phonetic Notation


Kalmasoft SPN (Symbolic Phonetic Notation) is a set of phonetic symbols developed for intermediate representation of the sound of an arbitrary unwritten language.

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Reference: SPN

Last updated: 15/1/2023


The Symbolic Phonetic Notation (SPN) is a set of phonetic notation symbols developed by Kalmasoft with the sole purpose of preserving unwritten languages by reproducing their sound in a manageable way; preserving the phonological aspects of any targeted language can be made easy by electronically processing its intermediate representation using SPN which fits easily for such purposes, it can also be managed programmatically or by any other well defined analytical means.

SPN symbols were carefully designed to represent the anatomy of speech organs while articulating various sounds as precise and intuitive as possible, the notation system is composed of symbols that are easy to memorize and write though not as comprehensive and versatile compared to the current complex IPA symbols for example; SPN symbols simply depict the positions of the tongue and lips and the other articulatory organs as they produce the sound, hence it is a phonetic notation.

SPN is not meant to serve as a writing system and should not be dealt with as such, it is rather a "utility set of symbols" that doesn’t stand by itself for any specific language and should not be considered as a "writing system" in any sense; a separately designed writing system is highly recommended in order to have a complete linguistic solution for any arbitrary targeted language.

All SPN symbols are temporarily assigned in the range EC00-EFFF of the Unicode Private Use Area, so the only way to access or view the symbols is by using the font from within the desktop applications e.g. text editors/word processors or by any other suitable programming solution.

Sample output

Symbol: the phonetic symbol
Font: font representation
Name: symbol name
Description: phonetic description
IPA: International Phonetic Alphabet corresponding symbol
Articulation: this include both place and manner of articulation, and phonation
Unicode: Private Use Area code point
Remarks: notes on the symbol

ID Symbol Font Name Description IPA Articulation Unicode Remarks
1 A open front unrounded vowel /a/ vowel U+EC00
2 E open-mid front unrounded vowel /ɛ/ vowel U+EC0A
3 I close front unrounded vowel /i/ vowel U+EC14
4 O open-mid back unrounded vowel /ɔ/ vowel U+EC1E
5 U close back rounded vowel /u/ vowel U+EC28
6 WA voiced labio-velar approximant /w/ U+EC32
7 YA Close front rounded vowel /j/ U+EC3C
8 glottal stop /ʔ/ U+EC46 Arabic Hamza (ء)
9 HA voiceless glottal fricative /h/ U+EC50
10 HHA voiceless pharyngeal fricative /ħ/ U+EC5A Arabic Haa' (ح)
11 voiced pharyngeal fricative /ʕ/ U+EC64 Arabic 'Ain (ع)
12 GA voiced velar stop /g/ velar U+EC6E
13 KA voiceless velar stop /k/ velar U+EC78
14 GHA Voiced velar fricative /ɣ/ veral U+EC82
15 KHA voiceless velar fricative /x/ velar U+EC8C
16 NGA voiced velar nasal /ŋ/ velar U+EC96
17 NJA voiced palatal nasal /ɲ/ velar U+ECA0
18 QA voiceless uvular stop /q/ velar U+ECAA Amharic (ቀ)
19 voiceless alveolar affricate /c/ U+ECB4
20 JA voiced palatoalveolar affricate /ʤ/ palatal U+ECBE
21 CHA voiceless palatoalveolar sibilant affricate /tʃ/ palatal U+ECC8
22 SHA voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ palatal U+ECD2
23 RA voiced alveolar trill /r/ retroflex U+ECDC
24 DA voiced alveolar stop /d/ dental U+ECE6
25 LA alveolar lateral approximant /l/ dental U+ECF0
26 NA voiced alveolar nasal /n/ dental U+ECFA
27 SA voiceless alveolar fricative /s/ dental U+ED04
28 SSA voiceless alveolar sibilant /sˁ/ dental U+ED0E Arabic Saad (ص)
29 TA voiceless alveolar stop /t/ dental U+ED18
30 DDA voiceless alveolar stop /ðˁ/ dental U+ED22
31 DHA voiced dental fricative /ð/ dental U+ED2C
32 DDHA voiced dental fricative/voiced alveolar sibilant /ðˁ/ dental U+ED36
33 ZA voiced alveolar fricative /z/ dental U+ED40
34 ZHA voiced alveolo-palatal fricative /ʑ/ U+ED4A
35 THA voiceless dental fricative /θ/ dental U+ED54
36 TSA voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate /ts/ U+ED5E
37 TTA /tˁ/ dental U+ED68 Arabic Taa' (ط)
38 VA voiced labiodental fricative /v/ labiodental U+ED72
39 FA voiceless labiodental fricative /f/ labial U+ED7C
40 MA voiced bilabial nasal /m/ labial U+ED86
41 BA voiced bilabial fricative /b/ velar U+ED90
42 PA voiceless bilabial stop /p/ labial U+ED9A
43 Double vowel ː U+EDA4 Long vowel

Quantities are represented using special symbols depicting numbers, these are added for consistency purpuses; SPN numbers are self-explanatory, each symbol depicts the count of angles, symbols with closed shapes (triangles) are the higher values of the decimal system.

ID Symbol Font Value Name Unicode Remarks
1 0 Zero U+EF00
2 1 One U+EF01
3 2 Two U+EF02
4 3 Three U+EF03
5 4 Four U+EF04
6 5 Five U+EF05
7 6 Six U+EF06
8 7 Seven U+EF07
9 8 Eight U+EF08
10 9 Nine U+EF09