Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin

Synopsis

Amharic is one of the Cushitic languages ​​and is characterized by a very wide vocabulary in addition to a unique syntax with versatile grammatical rules and semantic classifications that are well recognized to have great historical and cultural value; the relationship between Amharic and other languages ​​in the region is formulated by linguists as belonging to the so called "Semitic" family of languages which includes according to the classification Hebrew, Tigrinya, Aramaic, and Arabic.

Although Tigrinya is the closest in terms of phonological aspects and semantics but Amharic also has a clear and evident contribution to the classic and current day Arabic not only in the vocabulary but even in the grammar and syntax including different grammatical tools and classes largely attributed to Arabic.

The most evident of those are the religious terms related to Islamic nomenclature where most if not all are missing or have insufficient explanations in classic and modern Arabic dictionaries while seem to be well defined in Ethiopic literature and language lexicons.

This database is compiled for the purposes of CLIR and other IR disciplines.


License and copyright
This database is liscensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license
Entry: Amharic entry Arabic: Arabic parallel
IPA: Amharic entry phonetic transcriptionMeaning: simple meaning of the entry
Roman: Amharic phonemic transcription (custom)Category: Morpho-semantic category
KATS: Kalmasoft Transliteration System KATS for the Arabic parallelDomain: Semantic domain

Please download the full database file for free from Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin, or get other related samples from dbsamples.htm.
Also available as a github repository.

A fully free Amharic-Arabic word dictionary can also be downloaded from here Amharic-Arabic Words Dictionary.

ID Entry IPA Roman KATS Arabic Meaning Category Domain
001 ጡብ /t'ub/ t’ub Tuwb طُوب adobe N GEN
002 ጸሎት /s'ɛlot/ ts’elot SalA: صَلاة prayer N RLG
003 ዘመን /zɛmɛn/ zemen zaman زَمَن age N GEN
004 ጾም /s'om/ ts’om Saw&m صَوْم fasting N RLG
005 ሰማይ /sɛmaːj/ semay samaA' سَمَاء sky N GEN
006 ሕይወት /ħɨjwɛt/ ḥiyiwet HayaA: حَيَاة life N GEN
007 ኮከብ /kokɛb/ kokeb kaw&kab كَوْكَب star N GEN
008 ነፍስ /nɛfs/ nefis naf&s نَفْس soul N GEN
009 ልብ /lɨb/ lib lib& لِبْ heart N GEN
010 ጥርስ /t'ɨrs/ t’iris Dir&s ضِرْس tooth N GEN
011 ሒሳብ /ħisaːb/ ḥīsab HisaAb حِسَاب arithmetic N GEN
012 መጽሐፍ /mɛs'ɨhɛf/ mets’iḥāf miS&Haf مِصْحَف book N RLG
013 ሰዓት /sɛʕt/ se‘at saAoa: سَاعَة time N GEN
014 ወረቀት /wɛrɛqɛt/ werek’et waraqa: وَرَقَة paper N GEN
015 ቤት /bet/ bēt bay&t بَيْت house N GEN
016 ዓይን /ʕajɨn/ ‘ayin oay&n عَيْن eye N GEN
017 እምነት /ʔɨmɨnɛt/ iminet EymAn إيمان belief N RLG
018 ሰላም /sɛlaːm/ selam salAm سَلام peace N GEN
019 ሻማ /ʃaːmaː/ shama $am&o شَمْع candle N GEN
020 ጉበት /gubɛt/ gubet kab&d كَبْد liver N GEN
021 ራስ /raːs/ ras ra!s رَأس head N GEN
022 ብርሀን /bɨrhɛn/ birihān bur&haAn بُرْهَان light N GEN
023 ልብሶ /lɨbs/ libis lib&s لِبْس clothes N GEN
024 ህልም /hɨlɨm/ hilim Hul&m حُلْم dream N GEN
025 ወንበር /wɛnbɛr/ weniber min&bar مِنْبَر chair N GEN
026 መስጊድ /mɛsʤid/ mesigīd mas&jid مَسْجِد mosque N RLG
027 ገነት /ʤɛnɛt/ jenet jan~a: جَنَّة paradise N RLG
028 ኩባያ /kubaːjaː/ kubaya kaw&b كَوْب cup N GEN
029 ምስማር /mɨsmaːr/ misimar mis&maAr مِسْمَار nail N GEN
030 አፍንጫ /ʔfɨntʃʼaː/ āfinich’a !an&f أَنْف nose N GEN
031 ብቻውን /bɨtʃa:wɨn/ bichawn biduwn بِدُون without D GEN
032 ቅርብ /k'ɨrɨb/ qirib qariyb قَرِيب near A GEN
033 ነቢይ /nɛbij/ nebiy nabiy نَبِي prophet N RLG
034 ደም /dɛm/ dem dam دَم blood N GEN
035 ባል /ba:l/ bal baoal بَعَل husband N GEN
036 ዘይት /zɛjɨt/ zeyt zay&t زَيْت oil N GEN
037 ደቂቃ /dɛk'ik'a:/ deqiqa daqiyqa: دَقِيقَة minute N GEN
038 እሑድ /ʔɨhud/ ehud !Had أحَد Sunday N GEN
039 ግመል /gɨmɛl/ gemel jamal جَمَل camel N GEN
040 እጅ /ʔɨdʒ/ ej Eyd إيد hand N GEN
041 ሰይፍ /sɛjɨf/ seyf say&f سَيْف sword N GEN
042 ሞት /mot/ mot maw&t مَوْت death N GEN
043 ከባድ /kɛba:d/ kebad kabad كَبَد hardness N GEN
044 ቀላል /k'ɛla:l/ qelal qaliyl قَلِيل simple A GEN
045 መፍትሄ /mɛftɨhe/ meftahé mif&taAH مِفْتَاح solution N GEN
046 ምኞት /mɨɲot/ minjyot !um&niya: أُمْنِيَة wish N GEN
047 ደረጃ /dɛrɛdʒa:/ dereja daraja: دَرَجَة level N GEN
048 ባሕር /ba:hr/ bahr baH&r بَحْر sea N GEN
049 ቅበላ /k'ɨbɛla:/ qibela qib&la: قِبْلَة welcome N RLG
050 ደመና /dɛmɛna:/ demena dim&na: دِمْنَة cloud N GEN
051 ምስል /mɨsɨl/ misl mix&l مِثْل double D RLG
052 ሐኪም /hɛkim/ hakim Hakiym حَكِيم physician N GEN
053 ጥበብ /t'ɨbɛb/ t'beb Tabiyb طَبِيب wisdom N GEN
054 ውስጥ /wɨsɨt'/ wast' wasaT وَسَط between D GEN
055 ስለ /sɨlɛ/ sile Sila: صِلَة about N GEN
056 መቅደስ /mɛk'ɨdɛs/ mek’ides maq&das مَقْدَس temple N RLG
057 ቆመ /k'omɛ/ k’om qum قُم stand V GEN
058 መስኮት /mɛsɨkot/ mesikot mi$&kA: مِشْكاة alcove N RLG
059 በረከት /bɛrɛkɛt/ bereket baraka: بَرَكَة blessing N RLG
060 ፈረስ /fɛrɛs/ feres faras فَرَس horse N GEN
061 አጥር /ʔt'ɨr/ āt’ir ETaAr إطَار fence N GEN
062 ቆዳ /k'oda:/ k’oda qid قِد skin N GEN
063 ሆዱ /hod/ hod Haw&D حَوْض abdomen N GEN
064 ክብር /kɨbɨr/ kibr kibar كِبَر glory N GEN
065 ወዳድ /wɛda:d/ wedad widaAd وِدَاد friendship N GEN
066 ተርጉም /tɛrɨgum/ tergum tar&jam تَرْجَم translate N GEN
067 ፈተና /fɛtɛna:/ fetena fit&na: فِتْنَة test N GEN
068 መራራ /mɛra:ra:/ merara maraAra: مَرَارَة bitter N GEN
069 ገደለ /gɛdɛl/ gedel qat&l قَتْل kill N GEN
070 ፍርድ /fɨrɨd/ ferd far&D فَرْض judgment N RLG
071 ሥራ /ʃɨra:/ shira $ar&o شَرْع act N RLG
072 ነፋስ /nɛfa:s/ nefas nafas نَفَس wind N GEN
073 ታማሚ /ta:ma:m/ tamam TamaAm طَمَام disgust N GEN
074 እመን /ʔɨmɛn/ emen !m&n أمْن trust N GEN
075 መልአክ /mɛlʔk/ melak malaAk مَلَاك angel N RLG
076 ጥበቃ /t'ɨbɛk'a:/ t'beqa Tabaqa: طَبَقَة protection N GEN
077 መርከብ /mɛrɨkɛb/ merkeb mar&kib مَرْكِب ship N GEN
078 ዝምታ /zɨmɨta:/ zimta Sam&t صَمْت silence N GEN
079 ዒላማ /ila:ma:/ ilama oalaAma: عَلَامَة target N GEN
080 ንጹህ /nɨsʼuh/ ntsʼuh naSuwH نَصُوح clean A RLG
081 ታሪክ /ta:rik/ tarik taAriyK تَارِيخ history N GEN
082 ስም /sɨm/ sim As&m اسْم name N GEN
083 ረጅም /rɛdʒɨmɨ/ rejm raj&m رَجْم long N RLG
084 ክስተት /kɨsɨtɛt/ kiset qiS~a: قِصَّة event N GEN
085 ሥቃይ /sɨk'a:j/ siqay $aqaA' شَقَاء pain N GEN
086 ሕመም /hɨmɛm/ hemem Hamiym حَمِيم illness N GEN
087 ጨለማ /tʃʼɛlɛma:/ chʼelema Zul&ma: ظُلْمَة darkness N GEN
088 ኃይል /ha:jɨl/ hayl Hay&l حَيْل power N GEN
089 መንደር /mɛnɨdɛr/ mender ban&dar بَنْدَر village N GEN
090 ንስር /nɨsɨr/ nisr nis&r نِسْر eagle N GEN
091 ሉህ /luh/ luh luwH لُوح sheet N GEN
092 ሰው /sɛw/ sewy sawiy سَوِي human A GEN
093 ኩላሊት /kula:lit/ kulalit kulaY كُلَى kidney N GEN
094 ጣዕም /t'a:ʔɨm/ t'aem TaAoim طَاعِم taste A GEN
095 ማእከል /ma:ʔɨkɛl/ maekel mao&qil مَعْقِل center N GEN
096 አስስ /ʔsɨs/ asis oasas عَسَس patrol N GEN
097 ተቀበል /tɛk'ɛbɛl/ teqebel taqab~ul تَقَبُّل accept N GEN
098 አጋማሽ /ʔga:ma:ʃ/ agamash !K&maS أخْمَص halfway N GEN
099 ወቅታዊ /wɛk'ɨta:wi/ weqtawi waq&tiy~ وَقْتِيّ seasonal A GEN
100 ጨርቃ /tʃʼɛrɨk'a:/ chʼerqa Kir&qa: خِرْقَة texture N GEN

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Category Databases | Reference DBAMHARA | Entries +2,000 | Last updated 30/3/2021