Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin

Synopsis

Amharic is one of the Cushitic languages ​​and is characterized by a very wide vocabulary in addition to a unique syntax with versatile grammatical rules and semantic classifications that are well recognized to have great historical and cultural value; the relationship between Amharic and other languages ​​in the region is formulated by linguists as belonging to the so called "Semitic" family of languages which includes according to the classification Hebrew, Tigrinya, Aramaic, and Arabic.

Although Tigrinya is the closest in terms of phonological aspects and semantics but Amharic also has a clear and evident contribution to the classic and current day Arabic not only in the vocabulary but even in the grammar and syntax including different grammatical tools and classes largely attributed to Arabic.

The most evident of those are the religious terms related to Islamic nomenclature where most if not all are missing or have insufficient explanations in classic and modern Arabic dictionaries while seem to be well defined in Ethiopic literature and language lexicons.

This database is compiled for the purposes of CLIR and other IR disciplines.


License and copyright
This database is liscensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license
Entry: Amharic entry Arabic: Arabic parallel
IPA: Amharic entry phonetic transcriptionMeaning: simple meaning of the entry
Roman: Amharic phonemic transcription (custom)Class: Grammatical class Class
KATS: Kalmasoft Transliteration System KATS for the Arabic parallelDomain: Semantic domain

Please download the full database file for free from Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin, or get other related samples from dbsamples.htm.
Also available as a github repository.

An easy to view XML version is available here Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin XML version.

A fully free Amharic-Arabic word dictionary can also be downloaded from here Amharic-Arabic Word Dictionary.

ID Entry IPA Roman KATS Arabic Meaning Class Domain
01 ጡብ /t'ub/ t’ub Tuwb طُوب adobe N GEN
02 ጸሎት /s'ɛlot/ ts’elot SalA: صَلاة prayer N RLG
03 ዘመን /zɛmɛn/ zemen zaman زَمَن age N GEN
04 ጾም /s'om/ ts’om Saw&m صَوْم fasting N RLG
05 ሰማይ /sɛmaːj/ semay samaA' سَمَاء sky N GEN
06 ሕይወት /ħɨjwɛt/ ḥiyiwet HayaA: حَيَاة life N GEN
07 ኮከብ /kokɛb/ kokeb kaw&kab كَوْكَب star N GEN
08 ነፍስ /nɛfs/ nefis naf&s نَفْس soul N GEN
09 ልብ /lɨb/ lib lib& لِبْ heart N GEN
10 ጥርስ /t'ɨrs/ t’iris Dir&s ضِرْس tooth N GEN
11 ሒሳብ /ħisaːb/ ḥīsab HisaAb حِسَاب arithmetic N GEN
12 መጽሐፍ /mɛs'ɨhɛf/ mets’iḥāf miS&Haf مِصْحَف book N RLG
13 ሰዓት /sɛʕt/ se‘at saAoa: سَاعَة time N GEN
14 ወረቀት /wɛrɛqɛt/ werek’et waraqa: وَرَقَة paper N GEN
15 ቤት /bet/ bēt bay&t بَيْت house N GEN
16 ዓይን /ʕajɨn/ ‘ayin oay&n عَيْن eye N GEN
17 እምነት /ʔɨmɨnɛt/ iminet EymAn إيمان belief N RLG
18 ሰላም /sɛlaːm/ selam salAm سَلام peace N GEN
19 ሻማ /ʃaːmaː/ shama $am&o شَمْع candle N GEN
20 ጉበት /gubɛt/ gubet kab&d كَبْد liver N GEN
21 ራስ /raːs/ ras ra!s رَأس head N GEN
22 ብርሀን /bɨrhɛn/ birihān bur&haAn بُرْهَان light N GEN
23 ልብሶ /lɨbs/ libis lib&s لِبْس clothes N GEN
24 ህልም /hɨlɨm/ hilim Hul&m حُلْم dream N GEN
25 ወንበር /wɛnbɛr/ weniber min&bar مِنْبَر chair N GEN
26 መስጊድ /mɛsʤid/ mesigīd mas&jid مَسْجِد mosque N RLG
27 ገነት /ʤɛnɛt/ jenet jan~a: جَنَّة paradise N RLG
28 ኩባያ /kubaːjaː/ kubaya kaw&b كَوْب cup N GEN
29 ምስማር /mɨsmaːr/ misimar mis&maAr مِسْمَار nail N GEN
30 አፍንጫ /ʔfɨntʃʼaː/ āfinich’a !an&f أَنْف nose N GEN
31 ብቻውን /bɨtʃa:wɨn/ bichawn biduwn بِدُون without D GEN
32 ቅርብ /k'ɨrɨb/ qirib qariyb قَرِيب near A GEN
33 ነቢይ /nɛbij/ nebiy nabiy نَبِي prophet N RLG
34 ደም /dɛm/ dem dam دَم blood N GEN
35 ባል /ba:l/ bal baoal بَعَل husband N GEN
36 ዘይት /zɛjɨt/ zeyt zay&t زَيْت oil N GEN
37 ደቂቃ /dɛk'ik'a:/ deqiqa daqiyqa: دَقِيقَة minute N GEN
38 እሑድ /ʔɨhud/ ehud !Had أحَد Sunday N GEN
39 ግመል /gɨmɛl/ gemel jamal جَمَل camel N GEN
40 እጅ /ʔɨdʒ/ ej Eyd إيد hand N GEN
41 ሰይፍ /sɛjɨf/ seyf say&f سَيْف sword N GEN
42 ሞት /mot/ mot maw&t مَوْت death N GEN
43 ከባድ /kɛba:d/ kebad kabad كَبَد hardness N GEN
44 ቀላል /k'ɛla:l/ qelal qaliyl قَلِيل simple A GEN
45 መፍትሄ /mɛftɨhe/ meftahé mif&taAH مِفْتَاح solution N GEN
46 ምኞት /mɨɲot/ minjyot !um&niya: أُمْنِيَة wish N GEN
47 ደረጃ /dɛrɛdʒa:/ dereja daraja: دَرَجَة level N GEN
48 ባሕር /ba:hr/ bahr baH&r بَحْر sea N GEN
49 ቅበላ /k'ɨbɛla:/ qibela qib&la: قِبْلَة welcome N RLG
50 ደመና /dɛmɛna:/ demena dim&na: دِمْنَة cloud N GEN
51 ምስል /mɨsɨl/ misl mix&l مِثْل double D RLG
52 ሐኪም /hɛkim/ hakim Hakiym حَكِيم physician N GEN
53 ጥበብ /t'ɨbɛb/ t'beb Tabiyb طَبِيب wisdom N GEN
54 ውስጥ /wɨsɨt'/ wast' wasaT وَسَط between D GEN
55 ስለ /sɨlɛ/ sile Sila: صِلَة about N GEN
56 መቅደስ /mɛk'ɨdɛs/ mek’ides maq&das مَقْدَس temple N RLG
57 ቆመ /k'omɛ/ k’om qum قُم stand V GEN
58 መስኮት /mɛsɨkot/ mesikot mi$&kA: مِشْكاة alcove N RLG
59 በረከት /bɛrɛkɛt/ bereket baraka: بَرَكَة blessing N RLG
60 ፈረስ /fɛrɛs/ feres faras فَرَس horse N GEN
61 አጥር /ʔt'ɨr/ āt’ir ETaAr إطَار fence N GEN
62 ቆዳ /k'oda:/ k’oda qid قِد skin N GEN
63 ሆዱ /hod/ hod Haw&D حَوْض abdomen N GEN
64 ክብር /kɨbɨr/ kibr kibar كِبَر glory N GEN
65 ወዳድ /wɛda:d/ wedad widaAd وِدَاد friendship N GEN
66 ተርጉም /tɛrɨgum/ tergum tar&jam تَرْجَم translate N GEN
67 ፈተና /fɛtɛna:/ fetena fit&na: فِتْنَة test N GEN
68 መራራ /mɛra:ra:/ merara maraAra: مَرَارَة bitter N GEN
69 ገደለ /gɛdɛl/ gedel qat&l قَتْل kill N GEN
70 ፍርድ /fɨrɨd/ ferd far&D فَرْض judgment N RLG
71 ሥራ /ʃɨra:/ shira $ar&o شَرْع act N RLG
72 ነፋስ /nɛfa:s/ nefas nafas نَفَس wind N GEN
73 ታማሚ /ta:ma:m/ tamam TamaAm طَمَام disgust N GEN
74 እመን /ʔɨmɛn/ emen !m&n أمْن trust N GEN
75 መልአክ /mɛlʔk/ melak malaAk مَلَاك angel N RLG
76 ጥበቃ /t'ɨbɛk'a:/ t'beqa Tabaqa: طَبَقَة protection N GEN
77 መርከብ /mɛrɨkɛb/ merkeb mar&kib مَرْكِب ship N GEN
78 ዝምታ /zɨmɨta:/ zimta Sam&t صَمْت silence N GEN
79 ዒላማ /ila:ma:/ ilama oalaAma: عَلَامَة target N GEN
80 ንጹህ /nɨsʼuh/ ntsʼuh naSuwH نَصُوح clean A RLG
81 ታሪክ /ta:rik/ tarik taAriyK تَارِيخ history N GEN
82 ስም /sɨm/ sim As&m اسْم name N GEN
83 ረጅም /rɛdʒɨmɨ/ rejm raj&m رَجْم long N RLG
84 ክስተት /kɨsɨtɛt/ kiset qiS~a: قِصَّة event N GEN
85 ሥቃይ /sɨk'a:j/ siqay $aqaA' شَقَاء pain N GEN
86 ሕመም /hɨmɛm/ hemem Hamiym حَمِيم illness N GEN
87 ጨለማ /tʃʼɛlɛma:/ chʼelema Zul&ma: ظُلْمَة darkness N GEN
88 ኃይል /ha:jɨl/ hayl Hay&l حَيْل power N GEN
89 መንደር /mɛnɨdɛr/ mender ban&dar بَنْدَر village N GEN
90 ንስር /nɨsɨr/ nisr nis&r نِسْر eagle N GEN
91 ሉህ /luh/ luh luwH لُوح sheet N GEN
92 ሰው /sɛw/ sewy sawiy سَوِي human A GEN
93 ኩላሊት /kula:lit/ kulalit kulaY كُلَى kidney N GEN
94 ጣዕም /t'a:ʔɨm/ t'aem TaAoim طَاعِم taste A GEN
95 ማእከል /ma:ʔɨkɛl/ maekel mao&qil مَعْقِل center N GEN
96 አስስ /ʔsɨs/ asis oasas عَسَس patrol N GEN
97 ተቀበል /tɛk'ɛbɛl/ teqebel taqab~ul تَقَبُّل accept N GEN
98 አጋማሽ /ʔga:ma:ʃ/ agamash !K&maS أخْمَص halfway N GEN
99 ወቅታዊ /wɛk'ɨta:wi/ weqtawi waq&tiy~ وَقْتِيّ seasonal A GEN
100 ጨርቃ /tʃʼɛrɨk'a:/ chʼerqa Kir&qa: خِرْقَة texture N GEN

Home »  Databases » Database of Arabic words of Amharic Origin
Category Databases | Reference DBAMHARA | Entries +4,000 | Last updated 3/8/2021