Kalmasoft Symbolic Phonetic Notation


Kalmasoft SPN (Symbolic Phonetic Notation) is a set of phonetic symbols developed for intermediate represention of the sound of an arbitrary unwritten language.

Please Download a PDF documentation for a full formal documntation of the notation set, the document comes fully with all necessary information, no extra reference is needed, (400 KB, 12 pages).

There are roughly 6,500 spoken languages currently identified by UNESCO, one third of these languages are not making use of any established writing system, few thousands of those are classified as endangered languages. To this day, many of those languages are still lacking the possibility of being fully transcribed for the purposes of language processing.

The Symbolic Phonetic Notation (SPN) is a set of phonetic notation symbols developed by Kalmasoft with the sole purpose of preserving such unwritten languages in mind by reproducing their sound in a manageable way; preserving the phonological charactersitics of any targeted language by representing its different linguistic aspects can be made easily by electronically processing its intermediate representation using SPN which fits easily for such purposes, it can also be fully manageable programmatically or by any other well defined analytical means.

SPN symbols were carefully designed to represent the position of the speech organs in articulating various speech sounds as precise and intuitive as possible, the notation system is composed of symbols that are easy to memorize and write though not as comprehensive compared to the current complex IPA symbols for example, SPN symbols simply depict the positions of the tongue and lips and the other articulatory organs as they produce the sound, hence it is a phonetic notation.

SPN is not meant to serve as a writing system and should not be dealt with as such, it is rather a "utility set of symbols" that do not stand by themselves for any specific language and should not be considered as a "writing system", in order to have a complete linguistic solution for any arbitrary target language, a separately designed writing system is highly recommended.

All SPN symbols are assigned in the range EC00-EDFF of the Unicode Private Use Area, so the only way to access or view the symbols is by using the font from within the desktop applications e.g. text editors/word processors or by any other suitable programming solution.

Symbol: the phonetic symbolIPA: International Phonetic Alphabet corresponding symbol
Name: symbol nameArticulation: this include both place and manner of articulation, and phonation
Description: phonetic descriptionUnicode: Private Use Area code point

  The table shown below contains non-standard Unicode characters in the column "Font". Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of the correct intended characters, this web page uses SPN truetype font which may or may not work properly on your browser, an image copy of the same symbols are included in the column "Symbol" for reference just in case the characters do not appear correctly. You may download the SPN font from our download page lingual support page for your testing purposes.

ID Symbol Font Name Description IPA Articulation Unicode Remarks
001 A open front unrounded vowel /a/ vowel U+EC00
002 E open-mid front unrounded vowel /ɛ/ vowel U+EC0A
003 I close front unrounded vowel /i/ vowel U+EC14
004 O open-mid back unrounded vowel /ɔ/ vowel U+EC1E
005 U close back rounded vowel /u/ vowel U+EC28
006 WA voiced labio-velar approximant /w/ U+EC32
007 YA Close front rounded vowel /j/ U+EC3C
008 glottal stop /ʔ/ U+EC46 Arabic Hamza (ء)
009 HA voiceless glottal fricative /h/ U+EC50
010 HHA voiceless pharyngeal fricative /ħ/ U+EC5A Arabic Haa' (ح)
011 voiced pharyngeal fricative /ʕ/ U+EC64 Arabic 'Ain (ع)
012 GA voiced velar stop /g/ velar U+EC6E
013 KA voiceless velar stop /k/ velar U+EC78
014 GHA Voiced velar fricative /ɣ/ veral U+EC82
015 KHA voiceless velar fricative /x/ velar U+EC8C
016 NGA voiced velar nasal /ŋ/ velar U+EC96
017 NJA voiced palatal nasal /ɲ/ velar U+ECA0
018 QA voiceless uvular stop /q/ velar U+ECAA Amharic (ቀ)
019 voiceless alveolar affricate /c/ U+ECB4
020 JA voiced palatoalveolar affricate /ʤ/ palatal U+ECBE
021 CHA voiceless palatoalveolar sibilant affricate /tʃ/ palatal U+ECC8
022 SHA voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ palatal U+ECD2
023 RA voiced alveolar trill /r/ retroflex U+ECDC
024 DA voiced alveolar stop /d/ dental U+ECE6
025 LA alveolar lateral approximant /l/ dental U+ECF0
026 NA voiced alveolar nasal /n/ dental U+ECFA
027 SA voiceless alveolar fricative /s/ dental U+ED04
028 SSA voiceless alveolar sibilant /sˁ/ dental U+ED0E Arabic Saad (ص)
029 TA voiceless alveolar stop /t/ dental U+ED18
030 DDA voiceless alveolar stop /ðˁ/ dental U+ED22
031 DHA voiced dental fricative /ð/ dental U+ED2C
032 DDHA voiced dental fricative/voiced alveolar sibilant /ðˁ/ dental U+ED36
033 ZA voiced alveolar fricative /z/ dental U+ED40
034 ZHA voiced alveolo-palatal fricative /ʑ/ U+ED4A
035 THA voiceless dental fricative /θ/ dental U+ED54
036 TSA voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate /ts/ U+ED5E
037 TTA /tˁ/ dental U+ED68 Arabic Taa' (ط)
038 VA voiced labiodental fricative /v/ labiodental U+ED72
039 FA voiceless labiodental fricative /f/ labial U+ED7C
040 MA voiced bilabial nasal /m/ labial U+ED86
041 BA voiced bilabial fricative /b/ velar U+ED90
042 PA voiceless bilabial stop /p/ labial U+ED9A
043 Double vowel ː U+EDA4 Long vowel

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Category Tools | Reference SPN | Family General | Last updated 31/7/2018