Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin

Synopsis

Amharic is one of the Cushitic languages ​​and is characterized by a very wide vocabulary in addition to a unique syntax with versatile grammatical rules and semantic classifications that are well recognized to have great historical and cultural value; the relationship between Amharic and other languages ​​in the region is formulated by linguists as belonging to the so called "Semitic" family of languages which includes according to the classification Hebrew, Tigrinya, Aramaic, and Arabic.

Although Tigrinya is the closest in terms of phonological aspects and semantics but Amharic also has a clear and evident contribution to the classic and current day Arabic not only in the vocabulary but even in the grammar and syntax including different grammatical tools and classes largely attributed to Arabic.

The most evident of those are the religious terms related to Islamic nomenclature where most if not all are missing or have insufficient explanations in classic and modern Arabic dictionaries while seem to be well defined in Ethiopic literature and language lexicons.

This database is compiled for the purposes of CLIR and other IR disciplines.


License and copyright
This database is liscensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license
Entry: Amharic entry Arabic: Arabic parallel
IPA: Amharic entry phonetic transcriptionMeaning: simple meaning of the entry
Roman: Amharic phonemic transcription (custom)Category: Morpho-semantic category
KATS: Kalmasoft Transliteration System KATS for the Arabic parallelDomain: Semantic domain

Please download the full database file for free from Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin, or get other related samples from dbsamples.htm.
Also available as a github repository.

A fully free Amharic-Arabic word dictionary can also be downloaded from here Amharic-Arabic Words Dictionary.

ID Entry IPA Roman KATS Arabic Meaning Category Domain
0001 ጡብ /t'ub/ t’ub Tuwb طُوب adobe N GEN
0002 ጸሎት /s'ɛlot/ ts’elot SalA: صَلاة prayer N RLG
0003 ዘመን /zɛmɛn/ zemen zaman زَمَن age N GEN
0004 ጾም /s'om/ ts’om Saw&m صَوْم fasting N RLG
0005 ሰማይ /sɛmaːj/ semay samaA' سَمَاء sky N GEN
0006 ሕይወት /ħɨjwɛt/ ḥiyiwet HayaA: حَيَاة life N GEN
0007 ኮከብ /kokɛb/ kokeb kaw&kab كَوْكَب star N GEN
0008 ነፍስ /nɛfs/ nefis naf&s نَفْس soul N GEN
0009 ልብ /lɨb/ lib lib& لِبْ heart N GEN
0010 ጥርስ /t'ɨrs/ t’iris Dir&s ضِرْس tooth N GEN
0011 ሒሳብ /ħisaːb/ ḥīsab HisaAb حِسَاب arithmetic N GEN
0012 መጽሐፍ /mɛs'ɨhɛf/ mets’iḥāf miS&Haf مِصْحَف book N RLG
0013 ሰዓት /sɛʕt/ se‘at saAoa: سَاعَة time N GEN
0014 ወረቀት /wɛrɛqɛt/ werek’et waraqa: وَرَقَة paper N GEN
0015 ቤት /bet/ bēt bay&t بَيْت house N GEN
0016 ዓይን /ʕajɨn/ ‘ayin oay&n عَيْن eye N GEN
0017 እምነት /ʔɨmɨnɛt/ iminet EymAn إيمان belief N RLG
0018 ሰላም /sɛlaːm/ selam salAm سَلام peace N GEN
0019 ሻማ /ʃaːmaː/ shama $am&o شَمْع candle N GEN
0020 ጉበት /gubɛt/ gubet kab&d كَبْد liver N GEN
0021 ራስ /raːs/ ras ra!s رَأس head N GEN
0022 ብርሀን /bɨrhɛn/ birihān bur&haAn بُرْهَان light N GEN
0023 ልብሶ /lɨbs/ libis lib&s لِبْس clothes N GEN
0024 ህልም /hɨlɨm/ hilim Hul&m حُلْم dream N GEN
0025 ወንበር /wɛnbɛr/ weniber min&bar مِنْبَر chair N GEN
0026 መስጊድ /mɛsʤid/ mesigīd mas&jid مَسْجِد mosque N RLG
0027 ገነት /ʤɛnɛt/ jenet jan~a: جَنَّة paradise N RLG
0028 ኩባያ /kubaːjaː/ kubaya kaw&b كَوْب cup N GEN
0029 ምስማር /mɨsmaːr/ misimar mis&maAr مِسْمَار nail N GEN
0030 አፍንጫ /ʔfɨntʃʼaː/ āfinich’a !an&f أَنْف nose N GEN
0031 ብቻውን /bɨtʃa:wɨn/ bichawn biduwn بِدُون without D GEN
0032 ቅርብ /k'ɨrɨb/ qirib qariyb قَرِيب near A GEN
0033 ነቢይ /nɛbij/ nebiy nabiy نَبِي prophet N RLG
0034 ደም /dɛm/ dem dam دَم blood N GEN
0035 ባል /ba:l/ bal baoal بَعَل husband N GEN
0036 ዘይት /zɛjɨt/ zeyt zay&t زَيْت oil N GEN
0037 ደቂቃ /dɛk'ik'a:/ deqiqa daqiyqa: دَقِيقَة minute N GEN
0038 እሑድ /ʔɨhud/ ehud !Had أحَد Sunday N GEN
0039 ግመል /gɨmɛl/ gemel jamal جَمَل camel N GEN
0040 እጅ /ʔɨdʒ/ ej Eyd إيد hand N GEN
0041 ሰይፍ /sɛjɨf/ seyf say&f سَيْف sword N GEN
0042 ሞት /mot/ mot maw&t مَوْت death N GEN
0043 ከባድ /kɛba:d/ kebad kabad كَبَد hardness N GEN
0044 ቀላል /k'ɛla:l/ qelal qaliyl قَلِيل simple A GEN
0045 መፍትሄ /mɛftɨhe/ meftahé mif&taAH مِفْتَاح solution N GEN
0046 ምኞት /mɨɲot/ minjyot !um&niya: أُمْنِيَة wish N GEN
0047 ደረጃ /dɛrɛdʒa:/ dereja daraja: دَرَجَة level N GEN
0048 ባሕር /ba:hr/ bahr baH&r بَحْر sea N GEN
0049 ቅበላ /k'ɨbɛla:/ qibela qib&la: قِبْلَة welcome N RLG
0050 ደመና /dɛmɛna:/ demena dim&na: دِمْنَة cloud N GEN
0051 ምስል /mɨsɨl/ misl mix&l مِثْل double D RLG
0052 ሐኪም /hɛkim/ hakim Hakiym حَكِيم physician N GEN
0053 ጥበብ /t'ɨbɛb/ t'beb Tabiyb طَبِيب wisdom N GEN
0054 ውስጥ /wɨsɨt'/ wast' wasaT وَسَط between D GEN
0055 ስለ /sɨlɛ/ sile Sila: صِلَة about N GEN
0056 መቅደስ /mɛk'ɨdɛs/ mek’ides maq&das مَقْدَس temple N RLG
0057 ቆመ /k'omɛ/ k’om qum قُم stand V GEN
0058 መስኮት /mɛsɨkot/ mesikot mi$&kA: مِشْكاة alcove N RLG
0059 በረከት /bɛrɛkɛt/ bereket baraka: بَرَكَة blessing N RLG
0060 ፈረስ /fɛrɛs/ feres faras فَرَس horse N GEN
0061 አጥር /ʔt'ɨr/ āt’ir ETaAr إطَار fence N GEN
0062 ቆዳ /k'oda:/ k’oda qid قِد skin N GEN
0063 ሆዱ /hod/ hod Haw&D حَوْض abdomen N GEN
0064 ክብር /kɨbɨr/ kibr kibar كِبَر glory N GEN
0065 ወዳድ /wɛda:d/ wedad widaAd وِدَاد friendship N GEN
0066 ተርጉም /tɛrɨgum/ tergum tar&jam تَرْجَم translate N GEN
0067 ፈተና /fɛtɛna:/ fetena fit&na: فِتْنَة test N GEN
0068 መራራ /mɛra:ra:/ merara maraAra: مَرَارَة bitter N GEN
0069 ገደለ /gɛdɛl/ gedel qat&l قَتْل kill N GEN
0070 ፍርድ /fɨrɨd/ ferd far&D فَرْض judgment N RLG
0071 ሥራ /ʃɨra:/ shira $ar&o شَرْع act N RLG
0072 ነፋስ /nɛfa:s/ nefas nafas نَفَس wind N GEN
0073 ታማሚ /ta:ma:m/ tamam TamaAm طَمَام disgust N GEN
0074 እመን /ʔɨmɛn/ emen !m&n أمْن trust N GEN
0075 መልአክ /mɛlʔk/ melak malaAk مَلَاك angel N RLG
0076 ጥበቃ /t'ɨbɛk'a:/ t'beqa Tabaqa: طَبَقَة protection N GEN
0077 መርከብ /mɛrɨkɛb/ merkeb mar&kib مَرْكِب ship N GEN
0078 ዝምታ /zɨmɨta:/ zimta Sam&t صَمْت silence N GEN
0079 ዒላማ /ila:ma:/ ilama oalaAma: عَلَامَة target N GEN
0080 ንጹህ /nɨsʼuh/ ntsʼuh naSuwH نَصُوح clean A RLG
0081 ታሪክ /ta:rik/ tarik taAriyK تَارِيخ history N GEN
0082 ስም /sɨm/ sim As&m اسْم name N GEN
0083 ረጅም /rɛdʒɨmɨ/ rejm raj&m رَجْم long N RLG
0084 ክስተት /kɨsɨtɛt/ kiset qiS~a: قِصَّة event N GEN
0085 ሥቃይ /sɨk'a:j/ siqay $aqaA' شَقَاء pain N GEN
0086 ሕመም /hɨmɛm/ hemem Hamiym حَمِيم illness N GEN
0087 ጨለማ /tʃʼɛlɛma:/ chʼelema Zul&ma: ظُلْمَة darkness N GEN
0088 ኃይል /ha:jɨl/ hayl Hay&l حَيْل power N GEN
0089 መንደር /mɛnɨdɛr/ mender ban&dar بَنْدَر village N GEN
0090 ንስር /nɨsɨr/ nisr nis&r نِسْر eagle N GEN
0091 ሉህ /luh/ luh luwH لُوح sheet N GEN
0092 ሰው /sɛw/ sewy sawiy سَوِي human A GEN
0093 ኩላሊት /kula:lit/ kulalit kulaY كُلَى kidney N GEN
0094 ጣዕም /t'a:ʔɨm/ t'aem TaAoim طَاعِم taste A GEN
0095 ማእከል /ma:ʔɨkɛl/ maekel mao&qil مَعْقِل center N GEN
0096 አስስ /ʔsɨs/ asis oasas عَسَس patrol N GEN
0097 ተቀበል /tɛk'ɛbɛl/ teqebel taqab~ul تَقَبُّل accept N GEN
0098 አጋማሽ /ʔga:ma:ʃ/ agamash !K&maS أخْمَص halfway N GEN
0099 ወቅታዊ /wɛk'ɨta:wi/ weqtawi waq&tiy~ وَقْتِيّ seasonal A GEN
0100 ጨርቃ /tʃʼɛrɨk'a:/ chʼerqa Kir&qa: خِرْقَة texture N GEN

Home »  Databases » Database of Arabic words of Amharic Origin
Category Databases | Reference DBAMHARA | Entries +2,000 | Last updated 30/3/2021