Database of Arabic words of Amharic origin

Synopsis

Amharic is one of the Cushitic languages ​​and is characterized by a very wide vocabulary in addition to a unique syntax with versatile grammatical rules and semantic classifications that are well recognized to have great historical and cultural value; the relationship between Amharic and other languages ​​in the region is formulated by linguists as belonging to the family of Semitic languages which includes Hebrew, Tigrinya, Aramaic, and Arabic.

Although Tigrinya is the closest in terms of phonological aspects and semantics but Amharic also has a clear and evident contribution to the classic and current day Arabic not only in the vocabulary but even in the grammar and syntax including different grammatical tools and classes largely attributed to Arabic.

The most evident of those are the religious terms related Islamic nomenclature where most if not all are missing or have insufficient explanations in classic and modern Arabic dictionaries while seem to be well defined in Ethiopic languages.

The database is the best for the purposes of CLIR and other IR disciplines.

Entry: Amharic entry Arabic: Arabic parallel
IPA: Amharic entry phonetic transcriptionMeaning: simple meaning of the entry
Roman: Amharic phonemic transcription (custom)Category: Morpho-semantic category
KATS: Kalmasoft Transliteration System KATS for the Arabic parallel

ID Entry IPA Roman KATS Arabic Meaning Category
0001 ጡብ /t'ub/ t’ub Tuwb طُوب adobe
0002 ጸሎት /s'ɛlot/ ts’elot SalA: صَلاة prayer
0003 ዘመን /zɛmɛn/ zemen zaman زَمَن age
0004 ጾም /s'om/ ts’om Saw&m صَوْم fasting
0005 ሰማይ /sɛmaːj/ semay samaA' سَمَاء sky
0006 ሕይወት /ħɨjwɛt/ ḥiyiwet HayaA: حَيَاة life
0007 ኮከብ /kokɛb/ kokeb kaw&kab كَوْكَب star
0008 ነፍስ /nɛfs/ nefis naf&s نَفْس soul
0009 ልብ /lɨb/ lib lib& لِبْ heart
0010 ጥርስ /t'ɨrs/ t’iris Dir&s ضِرْس tooth
0011 ሒሳብ /ħisaːb/ ḥīsab HisaAb حِسَاب arithmetic
0012 መጽሐፍ /mɛs'ɨhɛf/ mets’iḥāf miS&Haf مِصْحَف book
0013 ሰዓት /sɛʕt/ se‘at saAoa: سَاعَة time
0014 ወረቀት /wɛrɛqɛt/ werek’et waraqa: وَرَقَة paper
0015 ቤት /bet/ bēt bay&t بَيْت house
0016 ዓይን /ʕajɨn/ ‘ayin oay&n عَيْن eye
0017 እምነት /ʔɨmɨnɛt/ iminet EymAn إيمان belief
0018 ሰላም /sɛlaːm/ selam salAm سَلام peace
0019 ሻማ /ʃaːmaː/ shama $am&o شَمْع candle
0020 ጉበት /gubɛt/ gubet kab&d كَبْد liver
0021 ራስ /raːs/ ras ra!s رَأس head
0022 ብርሀን /bɨrhɛn/ birihān bur&haAn بُرْهَان light
0023 ልብሶ /lɨbs/ libis lib&s لِبْس clothes
0024 ህልም /hɨlɨm/ hilim Hul&m حُلْم dream
0025 ወንበር /wɛnbɛr/ weniber min&bar مِنْبَر chair
0026 መስጊድ /mɛsʤid/ mesigīd mas&jid مَسْجِد mosque
0027 ገነት /ʤɛnɛt/ jenet jan~a: جَنَّة paradise
0028 ኩባያ /kubaːjaː/ kubaya kaw&b كَوْب cup
0029 ምስማር /mɨsmaːr/ misimar mis&maAr مِسْمَار nail
0030 አፍንጫ /ʔfɨntʃʼaː/ āfinich’a !an&f أَنْف nose
0031 ብቻውን /bɨtʃa:wɨn/ bichawn biduwn بِدُون without
0032 ቅርብ /k'ɨrɨb/ qirib qariyb قَرِيب near
0033 ነቢይ /nɛbij/ nebiy nabiy نَبِي prophet
0034 ደም /dɛm/ dem dam دَم blood
0035 ባል /ba:l/ bal baoal بَعَل husband
0036 ዘይት /zɛjɨt/ zeyt zay&t زَيْت oil
0037 ደቂቃ /dɛk'ik'a:/ deqiqa daqiyqa: دَقِيقَة minute
0038 እሑድ /ʔɨhud/ ehud !Had أحَد Sunday
0039 ግመል /gɨmɛl/ gemel jamal جَمَل camel
0040 እጅ /ʔɨdʒ/ ej Eyd إيد hand
0041 ሰይፍ /sɛjɨf/ seyf say&f سَيْف sword
0042 ሞት /mot/ mot maw&t مَوْت death
0043 ከባድ /kɛba:d/ kebad kabad كَبَد hardness
0044 ቀላል /k'ɛla:l/ qelal qaliyl قَلِيل simple
0045 መፍትሄ /mɛftɨhe/ meftahé mif&taAH مِفْتَاح solution
0046 ምኞት /mɨɲot/ minjyot !um&niya: أُمْنِيَة wish
0047 ደረጃ /dɛrɛdʒa:/ dereja daraja: دَرَجَة level
0048 ባሕር /ba:hr/ bahr baH&r بَحْر sea
0049 ቅበላ /k'ɨbɛla:/ qibela qib&la: قِبْلَة welcome
0050 ደመና /dɛmɛna:/ demena dim&na: دِمْنَة cloud
0051 ምስል /mɨsɨl/ misl mix&l مِثْل double
0052 ሐኪም /hɛkim/ hakim Hakiym حَكِيم physician
0053 ጥበብ /t'ɨbɛb/ t'beb Tabiyb طَبِيب wisdom
0054 ውስጥ /wɨsɨt'/ wast' wasaT وَسَط between
0055 ስለ /sɨlɛ/ sile Sila: صِلَة about
0056 መቅደስ /mɛk'ɨdɛs/ mek’ides maq&das مَقْدَس temple
0057 ቆመ /k'omɛ/ k’om qum قُم stand
0058 መስኮት /mɛsɨkot/ mesikot mi$&kA: مِشْكاة alcove
0059 በረከት /bɛrɛkɛt/ bereket baraka: بَرَكَة blessing
0060 ፈረስ /fɛrɛs/ feres faras فَرَس horse
0061 አጥር /ʔt'ɨr/ āt’ir ETaAr إطَار fence
0062 ቆዳ /k'oda:/ k’oda qid قِد skin
0063 ሆዱ /hod/ hod Haw&D حَوْض abdomen
0064 ክብር /kɨbɨr/ kibr kibar كِبَر glory
0065 ወዳድ /wɛda:d/ wedad widaAd وِدَاد friendship
0066 ተርጉም /tɛrɨgum/ tergum tar&jam تَرْجَم translate
0067 ፈተና /fɛtɛna:/ fetena fit&na: فِتْنَة test
0068 መራራ /mɛra:ra:/ merara maraAra: مَرَارَة bitter
0069 ገደለ /gɛdɛl/ gedel qat&l قَتْل kill
0070 ፍርድ /fɨrɨd/ ferd far&D فَرْض judgment
0071 ሥራ /ʃɨra:/ shira $ar&o شَرْع act
0072 ነፋስ /nɛfa:s/ nefas nafas نَفَس wind
0073 ታማሚ /ta:ma:m/ tamam TamaAm طَمَام disgust
0074 እመን /ʔɨmɛn/ emen !m&n أمْن trust
0075 መልአክ /mɛlʔk/ melak malaAk مَلَاك angel
0076 ጥበቃ /t'ɨbɛk'a:/ t'beqa Tabaqa: طَبَقَة protection
0077 መርከብ /mɛrɨkɛb/ merkeb mar&kib مَرْكِب ship
0078 ዝምታ /zɨmɨta:/ zimta Sam&t صَمْت silence
0079 ዒላማ /ila:ma:/ ilama oalaAma: عَلَامَة target
0080 ንጹህ /nɨsʼuh/ ntsʼuh naSuwH نَصُوح clean
0081 ታሪክ /ta:rik/ tarik taAriyK تَارِيخ history
0082 ስም /sɨm/ sim As&m اسْم name
0083 ረጅም /rɛdʒɨmɨ/ rejm raj&m رَجْم long
0084 ክስተት /kɨsɨtɛt/ kiset qiS~a: قِصَّة event
0085 ሥቃይ /sɨk'a:j/ siqay $aqaA' شَقَاء pain
0086 ሕመም /hɨmɛm/ hemem Hamiym حَمِيم illness
0087 ጨለማ /tʃʼɛlɛma:/ chʼelema Zul&ma: ظُلْمَة darkness
0088 ኃይል /ha:jɨl/ hayl Hay&l حَيْل power
0089 መንደር /mɛnɨdɛr/ mender ban&dar بَنْدَر village
0090 ንስር /nɨsɨr/ nisr nis&r نِسْر eagle
0091 ሉህ /luh/ luh luwH لُوح sheet
0092 ሰው /sɛw/ sewy sawiy سَوِي human
0093 ኩላሊት /kula:lit/ kulalit kulaY كُلَى kidney
0094 ጣዕም /t'a:ʔɨm/ t'aem TaAoim طَاعِم taste
0095 ማእከል /ma:ʔɨkɛl/ maekel mao&qil مَعْقِل center
0096 አስስ /ʔsɨs/ asis oasas عَسَس patrol
0097 ተቀበል /tɛk'ɛbɛl/ teqebel taqab~ul تَقَبُّل accept
0098 አጋማሽ /ʔga:ma:ʃ/ agamash !K&maS أخْمَص halfway
0099 ወቅታዊ /wɛk'ɨta:wi/ weqtawi waq&tiy~ وَقْتِيّ seasonal
0100 ጨርቃ /tʃʼɛrɨk'a:/ chʼerqa Kir&qa: خِرْقَة texture

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Category Databases | Reference DBAMHARA | Entries 1,500+ | Last updated 11/2/2019